Shivapuri National Park (144 km2) is situated on the northern fringe of Kathmandu valley and lies about 12 km away from the centre of capital city. Shivapuri National Park was gazette as the country’s ninth national park in 2002. Prior to its declaration as national park, it was managed under the Shivapuri Watershed Development Board, and was later declared as Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve. It lies in the transition zone between subtropical and temperate climates. The vegetation consists of a variety of natural forest types including pine, oak, rhododendron etc., depending on altitude and aspect.
It is a home to many varieties of birds and other wildlife. A total of 318 bird species has been reliably reported from the park and surrounding areas and there remain many more still to be found. Birdlife International (BLI) has identified Shivapuri National Park (SNP) as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because of its international importance for threatened species and for their habitat conservation. The park is a home to important restricted-range species such as Nepal Wren Babbler Pnoeypyga immaculate, Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis and the only endemic bird of Nepal, Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis. The data shows that of the 318 species nearly 70% are resistant species. These and most summer visitor breed in the park. In addition, nearly 100 species winter here or use this place on migration.
Besides its importance for wildlife, it has its own importance to the people of Kathmandu valley as it is the premier source of drinking water for them. Everyday about 30 million liters of water is tapped from rivers such as Bagmati and the Bishnumati as well as from several other smaller streams which originate within Shivapuri Watershed.
The checklist is intended as an important material for a wide range of targets audience and highlight SNP as an important site for birds, ultimately promoting bird-watching tourism at both the national and international levels thereby contributing towards the cause of conservation.